Encyclopedia of Global Justice

2011 Edition
| Editors: Deen K. Chatterjee

Gandhi, Mahatma

  • Nancy E. Snow
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_692

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869–1948), also known as “Mahatma,” or “great soul,” originated satyagraha, the famous movement of nonviolent resistance that won India independence from the British raj. Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a town in what is now the Indian state of Gujarat, he was assassinated by a Hindu nationalist in New Delhi on January 30, 1948. The assassination was a reaction to Gandhi’s efforts to end Hindu–Muslim religious violence during the 1947 partition of British India into what are now India and Pakistan. Gandhi’s thought and social activism were momentous not only for the liberation of India, but have had profound effects on nonviolent movements worldwide. His views continue to influence global peace-making activities in the twenty-first century.

Early Life and Experiences

Gandhi’s Autobiography (1993) is full of reflections on his childhood in India and early life in England and South Africa. Gandhi was a shy child, not good in school, aloof from sports,...

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References

  1. Erikson E (1969) Gandhi’s truth: on the origins of militant nonviolence. W. W. Norton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Gandhi M (1993) An autobiography: the story of my experiments with truth (trans Desai M). Beacon, BostonGoogle Scholar
  3. Gandhi M (1997) Hind Swaraj and other writings, ed. Parel A. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gandhi M (2001) Non-violent resistance (Satyagraha), ed. Kumarappa B. Dover, MinneolaGoogle Scholar
  5. Gandhi M (commentator) (2002) Bhagavad-Gítá: the song of God. Axiom, HooGoogle Scholar
  6. Hardiman D (2003) Gandhi in his time and ours: the global legacy of his ideas. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Iyer R (2000) The moral and political thought of Mahatma Gandhi. Oxford University Press, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  8. Lal B (1978) Contemporary Indian philosophy. Motilal Banarsidass, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  9. Tähtinen U (1976) Ahimsā: non-violence in Indian tradition. Rider, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Verma S (1970) Metaphysical foundations of Mahatma Gandhi’s thought. Orient Longmans, New DelhiGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy E. Snow
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyMarquette UniversityMilwaukeeUSA