Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869–1948), also known as “Mahatma,” or “great soul,” originated satyagraha, the famous movement of nonviolent resistance that won India independence from the British raj. Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a town in what is now the Indian state of Gujarat, he was assassinated by a Hindu nationalist in New Delhi on January 30, 1948. The assassination was a reaction to Gandhi’s efforts to end Hindu–Muslim religious violence during the 1947 partition of British India into what are now India and Pakistan. Gandhi’s thought and social activism were momentous not only for the liberation of India, but have had profound effects on nonviolent movements worldwide. His views continue to influence global peace-making activities in the twenty-first century.
Early Life and Experiences
Gandhi’s Autobiography (1993) is full of reflections on his childhood in India and early life in England and South Africa. Gandhi was a shy child, not good in school, aloof from sports,...
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