Encyclopedia of Global Justice

2011 Edition
| Editors: Deen K. Chatterjee

Georgism

  • Fred E. Foldvary
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_679

Georgism consists of the ideas derived from the thought and works of the American economist and social philosopher, Henry George. The central issue is land, and the basic economic and ethical idea is that there should be a single levy on land rent or land value that replaces all other taxes. Georgist thought argues that prosperity for all members of a community requires the individual ownership of wages combined with an equal sharing of the land rent. Georgism posits that global justice requires that the benefits of nature be equally and globally shared.

Henry George was born in Philadelphia in 1837. He settled in San Francisco, where he became a printer. His first book was Our Land and Land Policy (1871), in which he told the history of land ownership in the USA, showing how much of the land was obtained at little or no price by land speculators, often dishonestly.

George’s major work was Progress and Poverty (1879), which became a widely read and influential book. The theme, as...

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References

  1. Andelson RV (ed) (1979) Critics of Henry George. Associated University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Andelson RV (ed) (2000) Land-value taxation around the world, 3rd edn. Blackwell, Malden, MAGoogle Scholar
  3. Blaug M (ed) (1992) Henry George (1839–1897). Edward Elgar, Aldershot, UKGoogle Scholar
  4. Foldvary FE (2006) The ultimate tax reform: public revenue from land rent. Civil Society Institute, Santa Clara. http://www.foldvary.net/works/policystudy.pdf
  5. Geiger G (1933) The philosophy of Henry George. Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. George H (1871) Our land and land policy. White & Hauer, San Francisco. http://www.grundskyld.dk/pdf/George/pe-Our-Land-and-Land-Policy.pdf
  7. George H (1879) Progress and poverty. Robert Schalkenbach Foundation, New York. http://schalkenbach.org/library/henry-george/p+p/ppcont.html
  8. George H (1983) Social problems. Robert Schalkenbach Foundation, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. George H (1886) Protection or free trade? Robert Schalkanbach Foundation, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. George H (1898) Science of political economy. Robert Schalkenbach Foundation, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. George H Jr. (1904) The life of Henry George. http://www.henrygeorge.org/LIFEofHG/
  12. The Progress Report http://www.progress.org
  13. The School of Cooperative Individualism http://www.cooperativeindividualism.org

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred E. Foldvary
    • 1
  1. 1.Civil Society InstituteSanta Clara UniversitySanta ClaraUSA