Encyclopedia of Global Justice

2011 Edition
| Editors: Deen K. Chatterjee


  • Edward Sankowski
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_614

“Globalization” is here taken to mean primarily a process of increasingly worldwide interactions among individual persons, groups, and institutions across nation-state boundaries. To this is here added, though not as much emphasized, the idea that globalization tends to be characterized by the creation of institutions that are not entirely understandable as decomposable into functions of purely international, i.e., multi-nation-state phenomena. Such global and not only international institutions might include the United Nations, the International Criminal Court, multinational corporations, Al-Qaeda, Doctors without Borders, and other distinctively global (or global-tending) organizations. There are normative questions not addressed in this essay whether and when such global institutions have some authority of their own independently of permissions by nation-states, authority in the sense of a right to decide (or more modestly to contribute to decisions about) some social and political...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Appadurai A (2001) Grassroots globalization and the research imagination. In: Appadurai A (ed.) Globalization. Duke University Press, Durham, NC, pp 1–21Google Scholar
  2. Gilpin R (2000) The challenge of global capitalism: the world economy in the 21st century. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJGoogle Scholar
  3. Gilpin R (2001) Global political economy: understanding the international economic order. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJGoogle Scholar
  4. Rawls J (1971) A theory of justice. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  5. Rawls J (1999) The law of peoples. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  6. Sen A (1999) Development as freedom. Random House, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Sen A (2009) The idea of justice. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  8. Singer P (2002) One world: the ethics of globalization, 2nd edn. Yale University Press, New Haven, CTGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward Sankowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA