Encyclopedia of Global Justice

2011 Edition
| Editors: Deen K. Chatterjee

Grameen Bank

  • Michael Allen
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_526

Grameen Bank is a microfinance organization and community bank founded by Mohammad Yunus, recipient of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize for his work pioneering micro-financing as a response to the depredations of global poverty. Micro-finance may be viewed as a bottom-up response to problems of poverty, regarding micro-loans to the poor as a means to utilize skills already possessed by the poorest of the poor, unleashing their creative, entrepreneurial potentials. To this extent, microfinancing represents an alternative to top-down, state-level welfare programs, which are often viewed by advocates of micro-financing as responsible for creating dependency and taking away individuals’ initiative to break out of the cycle of poverty. Although certainly a goal of Grameen’s micro-financing programs is to help individuals’ escape poverty, the Bank has focused on the practice of so-called solidarity lending. Here each borrower must belong to a five-member group. The group, however, is not required...

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References

  1. Karnani A (2007) Micro-finance misses the mark. Stanford social innovation review. http://www.ssireview.org/images/articles/2007SU_feature_karnani.pdf. Accessed 23 Mar 2011
  2. Karnani A (2009) Romanticizing the poor. Stanford social innovation review. http://www.ssireview.org/pdf/RomaticizingthePoor.pdf. Accessed 23 Mar 2011
  3. Rahman A (2001) Women and microcredit in rural Bangladesh: anthropological study of Grameen Bank lending. Westview Press, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  4. Yunus M (2003) Banker to the poor: micro-lending and the battle against poverty. Perseus Book Group, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Yunus M (2008) Creating a world without poverty: social business and the future of capitalism. Perseus Book Group, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Allen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyEast Tennessee State UniversityJohnson CityUSA