Encyclopedia of Global Justice

2011 Edition
| Editors: Deen K. Chatterjee

Grotius, Hugo

  • William B. T. Mock
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_455

Often called “the father of international law,” Hugo Grotius (known in the vernacular as Hugo de Groot) (1583–1645) was a highly prominent and influential European lawyer and diplomat active in the first half of the seventeenth century. In his major works, Grotius sought to identify and advocate for principles that, if adopted, would promote tolerance and peace. Grotius utilized a natural law approach, leading him to espouse the centrality of states and the use of fundamental principles in resolving international conflict.

This was a period of considerable political and religious strife in Europe, including the Eighty Years’ War (1568–1648) for Dutch independence, and the highly destructive Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648) between Catholic and Protestant regions of Europe. In addition to religious conflict, nations competed fiercely for trade opportunities and colonial expansion. Not surprisingly in such a context, Grotius is best known for his theological works, including De veritate...

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References

  1. Bull H (1992) Hugo Grotius and international relations. Clarendon, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Butler SG (1928) The development of international law. Longmans, Green & Co, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Keene E (2002) Beyond the anarchical society: Grotius, colonialism and order in world politics (LSE monographs in international studies). Cambridge University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lauterpacht H (1946) The Grotian tradition in international law. Br Yearb Int Law 23:1Google Scholar
  5. Tuck R (2001) The rights of war and peace: Political thought and the international order from Grotius to Kant. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Wight M (2005) Four seminal thinkers in international theory: Machiavelli, Grotius, Kant, and Mazzini. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Yasuaki O (1993) A normative approach to war: Peace, war, and justice in Hugo Grotius. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • William B. T. Mock
    • 1
  1. 1.The John Marshall Law SchoolChicagoUSA