Encyclopedia of Global Justice

2011 Edition
| Editors: Deen K. Chatterjee

Violence

  • Robert Paul Churchill
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_405

Violence is among the most politically contested of all concepts. For this reason understanding violence must begin with careful conceptual analysis and attention to definitions of “violence” in contrast to proposals for extending or contracting usage of the term. The notion of “institutional,” or “structural,” violence as well as the notion of “nonviolent coercion” can be assessed in terms of the reasons for extending or contracting a more basic concept of violence. However it is defined, violence is universally conceded to be inherently bad, and therefore, only instrumentally justifiable. In this connection discussions of violence have critically important implications for global justice. First, discussions of violence often involve two perennial but dubious assumptions, specifically – the belief that violence is a manifestation of power and, additionally, the belief that violence or preparations for violence are valuable in developing the character, strength, or spirit of...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Ackerman P, Duval J (2001) A force more powerful: a century of non-violent conflict. Palgrave Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Arendt H (1969) On violence. Harcourt, Brace, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Bourgois P (2004) US inner city apartheid: the contours of structural and interpersonal violence. In: Scheper-Hughes N, Bourgois P (eds) Violence in war and peace: an anthology. Blackwell, Malden, pp 301–308Google Scholar
  4. Christensen KR (2010) Nonviolence, peace, and justice: a philosophical introduction. Broadview Press, PeterboroughGoogle Scholar
  5. Churchill RP (1986) Becoming logical: an introduction to logic. St. Martin’s Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. Deming B (1971) Revolution and equilibrium. Grossman, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Galtung J (1999) Cultural violence. In: Steger MB, Lind NS (eds) Violence and its alternatives: an interdisciplinary reader. St. Martin’s Press, New York, pp 39–53Google Scholar
  8. Johnson C (1966) Revolutionary change. Little, Brown, BostonGoogle Scholar
  9. Kressel NJ (2002) Mass hate: the global rise of genocide and terror, Rev edn. Westview Press, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  10. Richerson PJ, Boyd R (2004) Not by genes alone: how culture transformed human evolution. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Roberts A, Ash TG (2009) Civil resistance and power politics: the experience of non-violent action from Gandhi to the present. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  12. Scarry E (1985) The body in pain: the making and unmaking of the world. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Scheper-Hughes N (2004) Two feet under and a cardboard coffin: the making of indifference in a Brazilian village. In: Scheper-Hughes N, Bourgois P (eds) Violence in war and peace: an anthology. Blackwell, MaldenGoogle Scholar
  14. Sharp G (1973) The politics of nonviolent action. Porter Sargent Publishing, BostonGoogle Scholar
  15. Staub E (1992) The roots of evil: the origins of genocide and other group violence. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  16. Staub E (2010) Overcoming evil: genocide, violent conflict, and terrorism. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Wilson EO (1998) Consilience: the unity of knowledge. Alfred A. Knopf, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Zimbardo P (2008) The Lucifer effect: understanding how good people turn evil. Random House Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Paul Churchill
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyColumbian College of Arts & Sciences, George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA