Encyclopedia of Global Justice

2011 Edition
| Editors: Deen K. Chatterjee

Moral Authority

  • Michael K. Potter
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_327

Sometimes mistaken for the right to judge others, moral authority is the relative credibility and weight of a source’s moral judgments, beliefs, principles, rules, intuitions, and value-commitments. For millennia, moral authority was thought to belong to religious texts and leaders. In theocratic nations, and in some social circles elsewhere, this is still assumed. From such a perspective, for example, a judgment has moral authority only if found in the Bible as interpreted by the Vatican. In mystical traditions, moral authority may be given to those who claim to possess supernatural insight into the universe or who, as with prophets, are believed to commune directly with gods.

In the Western world, belief in the special moral authority of religious leaders faded away due to two powerful social and intellectual movements. First, the leaders of the Protestant Reformation (1517–1648) asserted that all people were qualified to read and interpret the Bible for themselves, which meant that...

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References

  1. Hume D (1739–40) A treatise of human nature: being an attempt to introduce the experimental method of reasoning into moral subjectsGoogle Scholar
  2. Hume D (1751) An enquiry concerning the principles of moralsGoogle Scholar
  3. Kant I (1785) Groundwork of the metaphysics of moralsGoogle Scholar
  4. Mill JS (1863) UtilitarianismGoogle Scholar
  5. Schopenhauer A (1840) On the basis of moralityGoogle Scholar
  6. Smith A (1759) The theory of moral sentimentsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael K. Potter
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Teaching and LearningUniversity of WindsorWindsorCanada