Encyclopedia of Global Justice

2011 Edition
| Editors: Deen K. Chatterjee

Global Public Reason

  • Lynette E. Sieger
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_284

Immanuel Kant conceived of public reason as the freedom of individuals, being members of society and citizens of the world, to publically offer their opinions and reasoned critiques in all matters. Though Kant stressed the importance of obedience of the citizen to its sovereign, he argued that civil freedom of the use of public reason was necessary to securing the social recognition of the dignity of the individual (Kant 1784/2001).

Most famously political philosopher John Rawls refined and integrated the principle of public reason in his ideas of political liberalism and justice. Rawls’s conception of public reason permits the defense of belief or opinion in public forums, such as in judicial and political decisions as well as in political campaigns, exclusively on the basis of political reasons which all, from their disparate comprehensive moral or religious views, could reasonably accept as free and equal citizens. The use of public reason is to serve as a constraint on competing...

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References

  1. Chatterjee D (2009) The conflicting loyalties of statism and globalism: can global democracy resolve the liberal conundrum? Metaphilosophy 40:65–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chatterjee D (2011) Reciprocity, closed-impartiality, and national borders: framing (and extending) the debate on global justice. Social Philos Today (forthcoming)Google Scholar
  3. Kant I (1784/2001) Answer to the question: what is enlightenment? In: Wood A (ed) Basic writings of Kant. Random House Publishing, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Rawls J (1999) The law of peoples with the idea of public reason revisited. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  5. Rawls J (2001) Justice as fairness: a restatement, ed. Kelly E, 2nd edn. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  6. Sen A (2009) The idea of justice. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lynette E. Sieger
    • 1
  1. 1.Gallatin SchoolNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA