Multiculturalism comprises a set of policies that address cultural and ethnic diversity. Today, over 200 million people live outside of their country of birth. Most states have diverse populations of immigrants and their descendants. Ethnic groups often campaign for exemptions or privileges to protect them from discrimination or to help them better integrate. Furthermore, many states contain national minorities or aboriginal groups that occupy significant parts of the territory. National minorities and aboriginal groups often demand self-government or even the right to secede to preserve their way of life.
Multiculturalism may lead us to re-evaluate basic issues of equality, rights, and democracy. Especially in the global context, these issues add to the debate on the nature and scope of justice. Does equality require differential treatment to recognize and respect minority groups? Are group rights – understood as something over and above the rights of a collection of individuals –...
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