Encyclopedia of Global Justice

2011 Edition
| Editors: Deen K. Chatterjee


  • Alexander Sager
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9160-5_19

Multiculturalism comprises a set of policies that address cultural and ethnic diversity. Today, over 200 million people live outside of their country of birth. Most states have diverse populations of immigrants and their descendants. Ethnic groups often campaign for exemptions or privileges to protect them from discrimination or to help them better integrate. Furthermore, many states contain national minorities or aboriginal groups that occupy significant parts of the territory. National minorities and aboriginal groups often demand self-government or even the right to secede to preserve their way of life.

Multiculturalism may lead us to re-evaluate basic issues of equality, rights, and democracy. Especially in the global context, these issues add to the debate on the nature and scope of justice. Does equality require differential treatment to recognize and respect minority groups? Are group rights – understood as something over and above the rights of a collection of individuals –...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Appiah A (2004) The ethics of identity. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  2. Couture J, Nielsen K, Seymour M (eds) (1998) Rethinking nationalism. University of Calgary Press, CalgaryGoogle Scholar
  3. Gutmann A (ed) (1992) Multiculturalism and the politics of recognition. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  4. Ignatieff M (1993) Blood and belonging: journeys into the new nationalism. BBC Books, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Ivison D, Sanders W, Patton P (eds) (2000) Political theory and the rights of indigenous peoples. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  6. Kymlicka W (1995) Multicultural citizenship. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  7. Kymlicka W (2007) Multicultural odysseys. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. Parekh Bhiku (2000) Rethinking multiculturalism. Harvard University Press, BostonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Sager
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyPortland State UniversityPortlandUSA