Reference work entry
It is only about 350 km from the northernmost part of the Scottish mainland to the English border, and about 150 km from west to east, yet the Scottish coastline, including the numerous islands to the north and west, is about 12,000 km long, with about 15% classified as estuarine or narrow inlet, and less than 10% being some form of sandy beach ( Fig. 7.24.1). These beach and dune areas range from small coves to vast sand plains. Hard coastal forms such as plunging cliffs, pseudo-cliffs, and rock platforms form the greater part of the coastline, but there are also good examples of such soft coastal forms as salt marshes and tidal and estuarine mudflats. The variety of the long Scottish coastline can be explained as a result of several key factors: rock type, geological structure, patterns of glaciation and deglaciation, sea level changes, and recent processes, of both the sea and the land. For these reasons an exceptionally large number of areas have some kind of...
KeywordsRock Platform Sand Dune System Rock Cliff Shell Sand Coastal Form
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
- Buchan GM, Ritchie W (1979) Aberdeen Beach and Donmouth spit: an example of short term coastal dynamics. Scot Geol Mag 95:27–44Google Scholar
- Mather AS, Ritchie W (1977) The Beaches of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland. Countryside Commission for Scotland, Redgorton, PerthGoogle Scholar
- May VJ, Hansom JD (2003) Coastal Geomorphology of Great Britain. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, UKGoogle Scholar
- Ogilvie AG (1923) The physiography of the Moray Firth coast. Trans R Soc Edinb 53:377–404Google Scholar
- Steers JA (1973) The Coastline of Scotland. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- Walton K (1956) Rattray, a study in coastal evolution. Scot Geog Mag 72:85–96Google Scholar
© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010