Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms

2010 Edition
| Editors: Eric C. F. Bird

Poland

  • Karol Rotnicki
  • Joanna Rotnicka
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_107

Introduction

The Baltic coastline of Poland, excluding the Puck Bay coast along the Hel Spit and the inner coastline of Vistula Haff in the east and Szczecin Haff in the west, is 469 km long. It may be divided into three sections: eastern, middle and western.

The eastern coast, 172 km long, extends from the Russian border on the Vistula Barrier in the east to the northernmost point of Poland, Cape Rozewie (54° 50' N) in the west. It runs round Gdansk Bay and Puck Bay, and contains both sides of the Hel Spit. Cliffs constitute 18.3% of this coast and are particularly prominent between Wladyslawowo and Jastrzebia Gora.

The middle coast, 179 km long, runs westward and ends some kilometres beyond the holiday resort Mielno. It contains six coastal lakes and three lakes of glacial origin: Zarnowiec (a subglacial tunnel valley), Gardno and Wicko (both shallow basins in the former ground moraine).

The western coast, 118 km long, extends westward as far as the German border, some kilometres...

Keywords

Clay Migration Depression Sandstone Cretaceous 
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karol Rotnicki
    • 1
  • Joanna Rotnicka
    • 2
  1. 1.Adam Mickiewicz UniversityDepartment of Quaternary Geology & PalaeogeographyPoznanPoland
  2. 2.Adam Mickiewicz University, Institute of Geology, Makow PolnychPoznanPoland