Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Islamic Religious Psychology

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_938

Related Terms


The definition of Islamic religious psychology can range from “the study of human nafs (soul) from an Islamic perspective” to a more complex description, like the “study of manifestations of God in nature as reflected in the behavioral patterns of all living and nonliving organisms in all walks of their lives using the Islamic paradigm” (Vahab 1999). In Islam, human beings are said to possess a dual nature, as they are both body and soul. However, the body is not as important as the soul because it is the soul that consists of the inner structure of personality, and body/matter is considered secondary to the spirit. The seat of knowledge in human beings is said to come from the metaphysical elements of the person, i.e., heart (al-qalb), soul (nafs), spirit (ruh), and intellect (aql). Islamic psychology or Ilm al-nafsiat(knowledge of the self) was studied by early Islamic scholars under the umbrella of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology and CounselingUAE UniversityAl AinUnited Arab Emirates