The term “Liberal Theology” denotes various philosophically, theologically, and biblically informed religious movements and ideas that emerged within Christianity during the so-called Age of Enlightenment in the eighteenth century. These movements and ideas can in large part be seen as reactions to Enlightenment philosophy and rationalism.
There are two major strands of Liberal Theology that developed out of the reception of the philosophies of either Immanuel Kant or Georg W. F. Hegel. Liberal Theology sprang from the minds of the thinkers that still held fast to Christian belief even though this belief was attacked by the key developments of the Age of Enlightenment. It developed within the church and it tried to salvage Christianity by surrendering those ideas, assertions, and features that were no longer seen as justified and well-grounded in the modern world. Liberal theological tradition...
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