Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Liberal Theology

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_757

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Description

The term “Liberal Theology” denotes various philosophically, theologically, and biblically informed religious movements and ideas that emerged within Christianity during the so-called Age of Enlightenment in the eighteenth century. These movements and ideas can in large part be seen as reactions to Enlightenment philosophy and rationalism.

There are two major strands of Liberal Theology that developed out of the reception of the philosophies of either Immanuel Kant or Georg W. F. Hegel. Liberal Theology sprang from the minds of the thinkers that still held fast to Christian belief even though this belief was attacked by the key developments of the Age of Enlightenment. It developed within the church and it tried to salvage Christianity by surrendering those ideas, assertions, and features that were no longer seen as justified and well-grounded in the modern world. Liberal theological tradition...

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References

  1. Barth, K. (1959). Protestant theology in the nineteenth century. Valley Forge: Judson Press.Google Scholar
  2. Chapman, M. D. (2001). Ernst Troeltsch and liberal theology. Religion and cultural synthesis in Wilhelmine Germany. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Dorrien, G. J. (Ed.). (2001). The making of American liberal theology: Imagining progressive religion, 1805–1900. Westminster: John Knox Press.Google Scholar
  4. Dorrien, G. J. (Ed.). (2003). The making of American liberal theology: Idealism, realism, and modernity, 1900–1950. Westminster: John Knox Press.Google Scholar
  5. Orr, J. (1923/2012). The Ritschlian theology and the evangelical faith. New York: Thomas Whittaker.Google Scholar
  6. Rasor, P. (2005). Faith without certainty: Liberal theology in the 21st century. Boston: Skinner House Books.Google Scholar
  7. Ritschl, A. (1900). The Christian doctrine of justification and reconciliation. In H. R. Mackintosh & A. B. Macaulay (Eds.). Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Sciences and PhilosophyUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland