Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_201278

Ihsan (good personal conduct), the third aspect of the Islamic creed (first is Islam itself, second is Iman) is described as the act of worshipping Allah as if you see Him, knowing that even if you do not see Him, He sees you. This goes much beyond the ritual prayers, and every good action performed by a believer is seen as an act of worship. This is commonly expressed by Muslims as doing what is pleasing to Allah, who is present, ever watchful.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FRCS Ed, Kuwait Prize Laureate (2005-History of Medicine)Medical Humanities, AlFaisal UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Professorial FellowFoundation of Science Technology and CivilizationManchesterUK