Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Information-Processing Models (Philosophy of Mind)

  • Gregory PetersonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_200175

Deeply informing much of contemporary philosophy of mind is an information processing model of cognition. The initial basis for this model was the concept of a Turing machine developed by Alan Turing and refined by others including John von Neumann, and which underlies the basic architectural concept of modern digital computers. Modern digital computers employ a central processor and separate banks of memory, as well as clearly distinguishing between hardware, the physical components of the computer, and the software, instructions or set of algorithms that dictate the behavior of the computer. The operational structure of digital computers can be understood to parallel or mimic the operations of the human mind. Both operate serially; in the case of the computer, one instruction is processed after another, in conscious reflection, one thought follows another. Both employ memory, and both employ the rules of logic, notably the Boolean operators AND, OR, and NOT. Despite these apparent...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Philosophy and ReligionSouth Dakota State UniversityBrookingsUSA