Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Limbic System

  • Jörg-Peter Ewert
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_200151

The brains of tetrapod vertebrates comprise a set of evolutionary conserved structures devoted to functions that are needed for the survival of the species. These functions involve emotion (e.g., aggression), motivation (e.g., feeding, defending, escaping, and mating), drive (e.g., hunger, thirst), reward (reinforcement), and learning (long-term memory). Basic structures of the limbic complex include olfactory bulb, septum, hippocampus (ventromedial pallium in anurans), amygdala, nucleus accumbens, anterior thalamic nucleus, hypothalamus, preoptic area, and pituitary gland.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of KasselSchauenburgGermany