Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1575

Related Terms


Incarnation is one of the central doctrines of Christianity: Along with the doctrine of the Trinity, it was established in the first ecumenical councils. To be a member of the World Council of Churches, and thereby be considered as a Christian church or a denomination, a church needs to confess to both Trinity and the dual nature of Christ, that is, the incarnation.

The Doctrine of Incarnation

According to the council of Chalcedon (451), that solidified the incarnation dogma, “one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, only-begotten, [is] acknowledged in two natures which undergo no confusion, no change, no division, no separation; … the property of both natures is preserved and comes together into a single person and single subsistent being (hypostasis); he is not parted or divided into two persons, but is one and the same only-begotten Son, God, Word, Lord Jesus Christ.”

What incarnation means in its classical formulation, then, is that Jesus Christ...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ian Ramsey Centre for Science and Religion, Kellogg CollegeOxford UniversityOxfordUK