Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Logic in Islam

  • Carmela Baffioni
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1459

Related Terms


In the Muslim middle ages, logic was a discipline borrowed mainly from ancient Greece that made it possible to establish rules of sound reasoning. It was, in other words, a way to discover truth independent of theological arguments stemming from revelation. Over the centuries, Arabic philosophers developed logic into an original system.

Logic developed through the Syriac language during the reign of the ‘Abbasid Caliph al-Ma’mūn (813–833), though a version of the Topics may have been made at the time of the third ‘Abbasid Caliph al-Mahdī (775–785). The translation movement focused on Porphyry (d. 304)’s Isagoge, Aristotle’s Categories, De interpretatione and Prior Analytics, Galen (d. 200)’s Introduction to logic, and on works by Aristotle’s commentators such as Theophrastus (d. 287 B.C.), Alexander of Aphrodisias (d. 222), Themistius (d. 387), Ammonius (d. 520), and John Philoponus (d. ca. 580). In line with the Alexandrian school...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento Asia Africa Mediterraneo (DAAM)Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale”Palazzo Corigliano, NapoliItaly