Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Language and Literature, German

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1408

Related Terms

Description

The discipline has a double focus of interest: It deals with both the material of human utterance and its results. The linguistic approach bears close resemblances to sciences like anatomy, neurology, statistics, or geography, while the study of literature is related to art history, cultural studies, and literary criticism. The hermeneutic challenge of literature unites the scope of the field of study with the problems discussed in the classical philologies, philosophy, and theology. The discipline as a whole draws on specific subdisciplines (rhetorics, poetics, emblematics, codicology, etc.). Moreover, it is linked to neighboring fields, such as cultural, historical, artistic, theological, or linguistic studies.

Founded in the early nineteenth century (initiated by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm in the framework of German Romanticism and Nationalism), the field of study was historically oriented and aimed in a...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Bachmann-Medick, D. (2009). Cultural turns. In Neuorientierungen in den Kulturwissenschaften (3 Rev. ed., pp. 104–143). Reinbek: Rowohlt. Cf. D. B.-M.: Performative turn.Google Scholar
  2. Brandt, R. (2004). Erkenntnis in den Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaften. Scientia Poetica, 8, 273–281.Google Scholar
  3. Conrady, K. O., & Polenz, P. V. (1967). Germanistik eine deutsche Wissenschaft. Frankfurt/Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  4. Gardt, A. (1999). Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaft in Deutschland. Vom Mittelalter bis ins 20. Jahrhundert. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  5. König, C. (Ed.). (2003). Internationales Germanistenlexikon 1800–1950 (Vol. 3). Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  6. Marquard, O. (1985/1986). Über die Unvermeidlichkeit der Geisteswissenschaften. In Marquard, O. (Ed.), Apologie des Zufälligen. Philosophische Studien (pp. 98–116, quote p. 101). Stuttgart : Reclams Universal-Bibliothek 8351.Google Scholar
  7. Nietzsche, F. (1967). Ueber Wahrheit und Lüge im aussermoralischen Sinn (1873). In: Colli, G., & Montinari, M. (Eds.), Nachgelassene Schriften 1870–1873. Sämtliche Werke. Kritische Studienausgabe in 15 Bänden (Vol. 1, pp. 873–890, quote p. 880). Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  8. Valentin, J. M. (Ed.). (2007/2008). Germanistik im Konflikt der Kulturen. Akten des XI. Internationalen Germanistenkongresses Paris 2005 (Vol. 12). Bern/Wien: P. Lang.Google Scholar
  9. Weimar, K. (1989/2003). Geschichte der deutschen Literaturwissenschaft bis zum Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts (2nd ed.). München: Fink.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Philologisch-Kulturwissenschaftliche FakultätInstitut für Germanistik, Universität WienWienAustria