Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Logic, Predicate

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1263

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Description

Predicate logic is a subdiscipline of logic that had its roots in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, though it had to wait until the second decade of the twentieth century for a solid foundation. Like any other logic, it is concerned with the validity of arguments, though not of any kind: its interest lies in reasoning about what is universally true. As such, predicate logic is especially suited to reason about mathematical statements and can be considered a generalization of Aristotelian syllogisms. Predicate logic goes beyond syllogisms by introducing predicates with arbitrary numbers of arguments and quantifiers that allow to refer either to all or to some of the elements in the universe that is under consideration. It has a proof theory, which consists of a set of rules that describe how to mechanically derive sentences from a given set of premises (and such derivations are called “proofs”), as well as a model theory that...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dpto. Sistemas Informáticos y Computación (UCM), Facultad de InformáticaUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain