Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions

2013 Edition
| Editors: Anne L. C. Runehov, Lluis Oviedo

Liberation, Theology of

  • Edmund ArensEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_1114

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Liberation theology emerged in the 1960s in Latin America as a response to the experience of economic poverty and political oppression. The theological quest for liberation took shape particularly in the Roman Catholic Church. Rooted in the praxis of the base communities, liberation theology became an influential movement within the Christian churches by confronting the sociopolitical conditions of the Third World with the Gospel of liberation and the search for radical social change. Liberation theology has been a significant political, social, ecclesial, and theological phenomenon. “Latin American liberation theology constitutes an unprecedented phenomenon in the recent history of Christian thought. For the first time in history, a theological creation of the Third World has acquired relevancy and meaning in Europe and the First World” (Tamayo 1993, 33).

There have been manifold relations between liberation theology and Europe. (1) A...
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fundamental Theology, Faculty of Catholic TheologyUniversity of LuzernLuzernSwitzerland