Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Mediterranean Flannel Moths (Lepidoptera: Somabrachyidae)

  • John B. Heppner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_5100

Mediterranean flannel moths, family Somabrachyidae, include only five species, with three species from Southern Europe and North Africa (genus Somabrachys) and two species from South Africa (genus Psycharium). The family is in the superfamily Sesioidea in the section Tineina, subsection Sesiina, of the division Ditrysia. Sometimes the group is included in Megalopygidae. Adults small (18–22 mm wingspan), with head scaling average; haustellum absent; labial palpi absent; maxillary palpi absent; antennae bipectinate. Wings very broadly rounded and body robust. Maculation gray or brown on wing margins, with most of wings hyaline. Adults are diurnal, but females are larviform and wingless (females of the South African species are unknown). Larvae are leaf feeders (eggs laid on leaves, not in the female cocoon), somewhat slug-like, with concealed head. Hosts are grasses (Gramineae) and Compositae.

References

  1. Epstein ME (1996) Somabrachyidae Hampson, 1920, pp 85–86. In Revision and phylogeny of the limacodid-group families, with evolutionary studies on slug caterpillars (Lepidoptera: Zygaenoidea). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 582: 1–102Google Scholar
  2. Freina JJ de, Witt TJ 1990. Familie Megalopygidae Herrich-Schäffer 1855 (=Somabrachyidae Hampson 1920). In: Die Bombyces und Sphinges der Westpalaearktis, 2:48–50, pl 6. Forschung & Wissenschaft Verlag, MunichGoogle Scholar
  3. Geertsema H (1998) Studies on African zygaenoid moths (Lepidoptera: Zygaenoidea) (Somabrachyidae). S Afr J Zool 33:210–225 (1998); Afr Zool 35:251–259 (2000)Google Scholar
  4. Powell H (1911) Notes sur les Somabrachys des environs de Géryville (Sud-Oranais). In études de Lépidoptéres Comparée, 5: 227–301, pl 84–85, A-D. C. Oberthür, RennesGoogle Scholar
  5. Powell H (1916–17) Megalopygidae. In: C. Oberthür, Faune des Lépidoptères de Barbarie (Partie II). In études de Lépidoptères Comparée, 12: 376–428 (1916); pl. 529–531 (1917). C. Oberthür, Rennes. [all Somabrachyidae]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John B. Heppner
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State Collection of ArthropodsGainesvilleUSA