Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Introduction of Biological Control of Chilo partellus in Africa

  • William A. Overholt
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_5039

Because C. partellus is an exotic stem borer in Africa, there have been several attempts to introduce exotic parasitoids for its control. The first was in East Africa, where eight species of parasitoids, mostly from India, were released from 1968 to 1972 by the Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control. There were no reports of establishment. In South Africa, there were a series of introductions of 11 parasitoids from various locations from 1980 to 1993, but again, none established.

In 1993, a program was initiated in Kenya to introduce the gregarious larval endoparasitoid, Cotesia flavipes, from Pakistan for biological control of C. partellus. Releases were made in 1993 at three locations in the southern coastal area of Kenya, and the parasitoid was recovered during the season of release from C. partellus and two native stem borers, C. orichalcociliellus and S. calamistis. Cotesia flavipeswas released at a fourth site in coastal Kenya during the non- cropping season of 1994 in an...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • William A. Overholt
    • 1
  1. 1.ARC-Plant Protection Research InstitutePretoriaSouth Africa