Murray Valley Encephalitis
An arbovirus transmitted by mosquitoes and indigenous to Australia and Papua New Guinea. It also is known as Australian encephalitis, and is harbored in wading birds. It is caused by a virus in the family Flaviviridae. It causes fever, nausea, seizure, diarrhea, lethargy and confusion. Most victims do not suffer significant symptomology, but of those that do, severe neurological damage may occur.