Mosquito Larval Feeding Ecology
Mosquitoes serve as hosts and vectors to a suite of pathogens and parasites such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, nematodes and protists. Because of the number of disease-causing agents that mosquitoes transmit, as well as the magnitude of health problems these diseases cause to humans and livestock worldwide, mosquitoes are medically the most important group of insects. Specifically, in an attempt to lower the incidence of mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, yellow fever and most recently West Nile virus, hundreds of millions of dollars have been spent on mosquito surveillance and control. Early observations of insect vector behavior prior to the advent of DDT in the 1920s and 1930s helped formulate control strategies around this period. In fact, because of the availability and effectiveness of synthetic insecticides, and their effective application under a wide range of conditions, the need for vector behavior and ecological studies was reduced. However, the development of...
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