Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Mormon Cricket, Anabrus simplex Haldeman (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae)

  • John L. Capinera
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_4690

Despite its common name, the Mormon cricket is not a cricket, but a katydid. Part of its common name is likely derived from its appearance, which (at high densities) is blackish and nearly wingless, giving it the appearance of a field cricket. The other portion of its common name has its origin in the early history of Utah. Destruction of crickets in 1848 by California gulls, Larus californicus, saved the early Mormon settler’s grain crops; a fact commemorated by a large statue in Salt Lake City.

Distribution

Mormon cricket is native to western North America. Mormon cricket occurs widely, with a range that includes southern British Columbia to Manitoba in the north, and south to northern California and northern New Mexico. As a persistent pest, however, its range is limited to the Rocky Mountain and Great Basin regions.

Host Plants

Mormon cricket and coulee cricket are often considered to be omnivorous, but despite their wide host range they display some specific preferences until...

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References

  1. Capinera JL (2001) Handbook of vegetable pests. Academic, San Diego, 729 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Cowan FT (1929) Life history, habits, and control of the Mormon cricket. USDA Tech Bull 161, 28 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. MacVean CM (1987) Ecology and management of the Mormon cricket, Anabus simplex Haldeman. In: Capinera JL (ed). Integrated pest management on rangeland: a shortgrass prairie perspective. Boulder, CO, Westview, pp. 116–136Google Scholar
  4. Wakeland C (1959) Mormon crickets in North America. USDA Tech Bull 1202, 77 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John L. Capinera
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA