Miniature Ghost Moths (Lepidoptera: Palaeosetidae)
Miniature ghost moths, family Palaeosetidae, are a small family related to Hepialidae, comprising eight species worldwide (five in Assam, Thailand and Taiwan, two in Australia, and one in Colombia). The family is in the superfamily Hepialoidea, in the infraorder Exoporia. Adults are small (12–18mm wingspan), with head roughened; haustellum absent (with no mandibles); labial palpi short and 2 to 3-segmented; axillary palpi absent; antennae are relatively short. Maculation can be rather sparkling, with metallic-iridescent markings on the forewings on a brown or blue base color. Adults are crepuscular or active during the day in dark forested areas, typically near wet moss-covered rock faces. Adults often rest head down under leaves in moist, shaded forest areas near water courses. Biologies remain unknown but larvae of a species from Taiwan have been described and are thought to feed on mosses.
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