Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Microbial Control of Medically Important Insects

  • Lawrence A. Lacey
  • James J. Becnel
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_4590

Microbial control of insects of medical and veterinary importance is the use of insect-specific pathogens and nematode parasites for the control of insects that are vectors and pests of humans or domestic animals. Medically important insects include those that suck blood such as mosquitoes (Culicidae), black flies (Simuliidae), and other dipterans, lice (Phthiraptera), fleas (Siphonaptera) and those that do not suck blood but are nevertheless a nuisance (house flies, cockroaches, etc.). Infectious agents of some of the most devastating diseases of humans are transmitted by insects. These include organisms that cause malaria, yellow fever, dengue, several encephalitides (such as West Nile virus), plague, onchocerciasis, typhus, sleeping sickness, and Chagas disease. Domestic and wild animals also suffer from insect transmitted diseases, some of which result in death and/or severe economic losses. Pestiferous insects are also causes for decreased quality of life, weight loss in animals...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Becnel JJ, White SE (2007) Mosquito pathogenic viruses-the last 20 years. In: Floores G (ed) Biorational control of mosquitoes, Bulletin 7. American Mosquito Control Association, Fresno, CA, pp 35–49Google Scholar
  2. Becnel JJ (2007) Current status of deltabaculoviruses, cypo viruses and chloriridoviruses pathogenic for mosquitoes. Virol Sinica 20:117–127Google Scholar
  3. Chapman HC (ed) (1985) Biological control of mosquitoes, Bulletin 6. American Mosquito Control Association, Fresno, CA, 218 ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Kerwin JL, Petersen EE (1997) Fungi: Oomycetes and Chytridiomycetes. In: Lacey LA (ed) Manual of techniques in insect pathology. Academic Press, London, UK, pp 251–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lacey LA (2007) Bacillus thuringiensis serovariety israelensis and Bacillus sphaericus for mosquito control. In: Floore TG (ed) Biorational control of mosquitoes, Bulletin 7. American Mosquito Control Association, Fresno, CA, pp 251–268Google Scholar
  6. Lacey LA, Orr BK (1994) The role of biological control of mosquitoes in integrated vector control. Am J Trop Med Hyg 50 (suppl):97–115PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Lacey LA, Merritt RW (2003)The safety of bacterial microbial agents used for black fly and mosquito control in aquatic environments. In: Hokkanen HMT, Hajek AE (eds) Environmental impacts of microbial insecticides: Need and methods for risk assessment. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp 151–168Google Scholar
  8. Lacey LA, Undeen AH (1986) Microbial control of black flies and mosquitoes. Ann Rev Entomol31:265–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lucarotti CJ, Andreadis TG (1995) Reproductive strategies and adaptations for survival among obligatory microsporidian and fungal parasites of mosquitoes: a comparative analysis of Amblyospora and Coelomomyces. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 11:111–121PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Skovmand O, Kerwin J, Lacey LA (2007) Microbial control of mosquitoes and black flies. In: Lacey LA, Kaya HK (eds) Field manual of techniques in invertebrate pathology: application and evaluation of pathogens for control of insects and other invertebrate pests, 2nd edn. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp 735–750Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence A. Lacey
    • 1
  • James J. Becnel
    • 2
  1. 1.USDA-ARSWAUSA
  2. 2.USDA-ARSFLUSA