Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Metalmark Moths (Lepidoptera: Choreutidae)

  • John B. Heppner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_4573
Metalmark moths, family Choreutidae, comprise 418 species worldwide, in three subfamilies (in the past incorrectly included in Glyphipterigidae); actual world fauna probably exceeds 800 species. There are three subfamilies: Millieriinae, Brenthiinae, and Choreutinae. The family is in the superfamily Sesioidea in the section Tineina, subsection Sesiina, of the division Ditrysia. Adults small (7–24 mm wingspan), with head mostly smooth-scaled; haustellum scaled; labial palpi often with a scale tuft on second segment; maxillary palpi 1 to 2-segmented. Forewings somewhat elongate or more triangular (Fig. 35). Maculation variable but usually with brilliant metallic-iridescent spots or marks; sometimes more colorful markings, or subdued in a few species. Hindwings colorful or dark, and often with a light band near termen; sometimes pale. Adults are diurnal; usually near their host plants and tend to hop about on leaves. Larvae mostly leaf skeletonizers, but some are budworms; rarely...
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References

  1. Arita Y, Diakonoff AN (1979) A survey of the Japanese species of Anthophila Haworth and Eutromula Froelich and their early stages (Lepidoptera, Choreutidae), with an appendix. Zool Verhandlingen 166:1–42Google Scholar
  2. Diakonoff AN (1986) Glyphipterigidae auctorum sensu lato. (Glyphipterygidae sensu Meyrick, 1913). In Amsel HG et al. (eds) Microlepidoptera Palaearctica, vol 7. G. Braun, Karlsruhe. 2 pts. 436pp, 175 plGoogle Scholar
  3. Heppner JB (1981) Family Choreutidae, pp 45–58. In: Heppner JB, Duckworth WD (eds) Classification of the superfamily Sesioidea (Lepidoptera: Ditrysia). Smithson Contrib Zool 314:1–144Google Scholar
  4. Heppner JB (1982) Millieriinae, a new subfamily of Choreutidae, with new taxa from Chile and the United States (Lepidoptera: Sesioidea). Smithson Contrib Zool 370:1–27Google Scholar
  5. Heppner JB (2004) Metalmark moths of North America (Lepidoptera: Choreutidae). Scientific Publishers, Gainesville, FLGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John B. Heppner
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State Collection of ArthropodsGainesvilleUSA