Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Metalmark Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae)

  • Jason P. W. Hall
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_4572

This is one of the five families of “true” butterflies (in the superfamily Papilionoidea). Recent morphological and molecular evidence, for the first time based on sufficient taxon sampling, indicates the Riodinidae to be the sister group to the Lycaenidae (blues, coppers and hairstreaks). Based on the only confirmed riodinid fossils, of Napaeina and Nymphidiini species in Dominican amber, the family is at least 25 million years old. The higher classification of the Riodinidae is now relatively well resolved, and the group is currently divided into three subfamilies, twelve tribes and six subtribes, with only one incertae sedis section of unplaced riodinine genera still remaining. However, intertribal relationships in the largest subfamily, the Riodininae, are poorly understood.

  • Order: Lepidoptera
    • Superfamily: Papilionoidea
      • Family: Riodinidae Grote
        • Subfamily: Nemeobiinae Bates
          • Nemeobiini Bates

          • Zemerini Stichel

          • Abisarini Stichel

        • Subfamily: Euselasiinae Kirby
          • Corrachiini Stichel

          • Euselasii...

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References

  1. Callaghan CJ (1983) A study of isolating mechanisms among Neotropical butterflies of the subfamily Riodininae. J Res Lepid 21:159–176Google Scholar
  2. DeVries PJ (1997) The butterflies of Costa Rica and their natural history, vol 2: Riodinidae. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 288 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. Hall JPW, Harvey DJ (2002) A survey of androconial organs in the Riodinidae (Lepidoptera). Zool J Linn Soc 136:171–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hall JPW, Harvey DJ (2002) The phylogeography of Amazonia revisited: new evidence from riodinid butterflies. Evolution 56:1489–1497PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Hall JPW, Willmott KR (2000) Patterns of feeding behaviour in adult male riodinid butterflies and their relationship to morphology and ecology. Biol J Linn Soc 69:1–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Stichel HFEJ (1910–1911) Lepidoptera Rhopalocera. Fam. Riodinidae. In: Genera insectorum, vol 112. J. Wytsman, Brussels, Belgium, 452 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason P. W. Hall
    • 1
  1. 1.National Museum of Natural HistorySmithsonian InstitutionWashingtonUSA