Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Melon Thrips, Thrips palmi Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)

  • John L. Capinera
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_4543

Until the mid 1970s, the distribution of melon thrips was limited to Southeast Asia. In recent years it has spread throughout Asia, and to many Pacific Ocean islands, North Africa, Australia, Central and South America, the Caribbean region and southernmost mainland USA (Florida). It has the potential to infest greenhouse crops widely, but under field conditions likely will be limited to tropical and subtropical areas.

Life History

A complete generation may be completed in about 20 days at 30°C, but it is lengthened to 80 days when the insects are cultured at 15°C. Melon thrips are able to multiply during any season that crops are cultivated but are favored by warm weather and suppressed by senescent crops. In southern Florida, they are damaging on both autumn and spring vegetables. In Hawaii, where vegetables are grown during the summer months, they also become numerous during the summer growing season.

Eggs are deposited in leaf tissue, in a slit cut by the female. One end of the egg...

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References

  1. Capinera JL (2001) Handbook of vegetable pests. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 729 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Castineiras A, Baranowski RM, Glenn H (1996) Temperature response of two strains of Ceranisus menes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) reared on Thrips palmi (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Fla Entomol 79:13–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Castineiras A, Baranowski RM, Glenn H (1997) Distribution of Neoseiulus cucumeris (Acarina: Phytoseiidae) and its prey, Thrips palmi (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), within eggplants in south Florida. Fla Entomol 80:211–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Castineiras A, Peña JE, Duncan R, Osborne L (1996) Potential of Beauveria bassiana and Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (Deuteromycotina: Hyphomycetes) as biological control agents of Thrips palmi (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Fla Entomol 79:458–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Girling DJ (ed) (1992) Thrips palmi. A literature survey with an annotated bibliography. International Institute of Biological Control, Silwood Park, Ascot, UK, p 37Google Scholar
  6. Tsai JH, Yue B, Webb SE, Funderburk JE, Hsu HT (1995) Effects of host plant and temperature on growth and reproduction of Thrips palmi (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Environ Entomol 24:1598–1603Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John L. Capinera
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA