Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Melon Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae)

  • John L. Capinera
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_4542

Melon fly is found in the tropical regions of Asia, a portion of east Africa, and on some Pacific islands, including Hawaii, USA. Melon fly has been recovered on several occasions in California, and although it has not become established in the western hemisphere, the tropical and subtropical regions would be suitable habitat.

Life History

A life cycle can be completed in about 5 weeks in warm climates, but may require 3–4 months in cool climates. The adults (Fig. 26) can survive for months, and will continue to reproduce if fruit is available. In tropical climates such as Hawaii they are present throughout the year. Their abundance is determined mostly by availability of suitable host plant material, but they tend to be most common in summer and autumn.
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References

  1. Nishida T (1954) Further studies on the treatment of border vegetation for melon fly control. J Econ Entomol 47:226–229Google Scholar
  2. Nishida T (1955) Natural enemies of the melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae Coq. in Hawaii. J Econ Entomol 48:171–178Google Scholar
  3. Nishida T, Bess HA (1957) Studies on the ecology and control of the melon fly Dacus (Strumeta) cucurbitae Coquillett (Diptera: Tephritidae). Hawaii Agr Exp Stat Tech Bull 34:44Google Scholar
  4. Vargas RI, Miyashita D, Nishida T (1984) Life history and demographic parameters of three laboratory-reared tephritids (Diptera: Tephritidae). Ann Entomol Soc Am 77:651–656Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John L. Capinera
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA