Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Vine Mealybug, Planococcus ficus Signoret (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)

  • Raksha Malakar-Kuenen
  • Kent M. Daane
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3979

Vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus Signoret, is a recently introduced pest in California vineyards. Vine mealybug was first recorded from the Crimea region in the 1890s; currently, it is found in the Middle East, North African and Mediterranean countries, Pakistan, Argentina and California in the United States. While vine mealybug infestations are most damaging in vineyards, the mealybug is also an occasional pest of apple, avocado, banana, date palm, fig, mango and citrus. In the laboratory, vine mealybug can be reared on a number of hosts, including butter-nut squash (Cucurbita moschata) and potatoes (Solanum tuberosum). The vine mealybug is one of several mealybugs species that attack vineyards, e.g., Pseudococcus maritimus Erhorn (grape mealybug), P. viburni (Signoret) (obscure mealybug), P. longispinus (Targioni-Tozzeti) (long-tailed mealy bug), and occasionally by Planococcus citri Risso (citrus mealybug) and Maconellicoccus hirsutusGreen (pink hibiscus mealybug). Of these...

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References

  1. Cox J (1989) The mealybug genus Planococcus (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae). Bull Br Mus Nat Hist 58:1–78Google Scholar
  2. Malakar-Kuenen R, Daane K, Bentley W, Yokota G, Martin L, Godfrey K, Ball J (2001) Population dynamics of vine mealybug and its natural enemies in the Coachella and San Joaquin Valleys. Univ Calif Plant Prot Q 11:1–4. Available at, http://www.uckac.edu/ppq/PDF/01April.pdf, accessed 13 March 2008
  3. McKenzie HL (1967) Mealybugs of California. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, CAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raksha Malakar-Kuenen
    • 1
  • Kent M. Daane
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA