Insects are small life forms in large macrocosms, and therefore require specific methods of communication to overcome the relatively large distances separating individuals from mates, food resources and optimal habitats. This small size poses the inherent problem of separation of the sexes by relatively huge distances. A voluminous literature exists on how various groups have evolved tactics and systems, largely acoustical, chemical or visual, to insure effective mate finding. The large diversity of insects suggests that other exciting and dynamic systems of communication may await discovery.
- Gogala M (1985) Vibrational communication in insects (biophysical and behavioral aspects). In: Kalmring K, Elsner N (eds) Acoustical and vibrational communication in insects. Proceedings, XVII International Congress of Entomology. Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin, Germany, pp 117–126Google Scholar
- Heady SE, Nault LR, Shambaugh GF, Fairchild L (1986) Acoustic and mating behavior of Dalbulus leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadelidae). Ann Entomol Soc Am 79:727–736Google Scholar
- Henry CS (1980) The importance of low-frequency, substrate-borne sounds in lacewing communication (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Ann Entomol Soc Am 73:617–621Google Scholar
- Stewart KW (l997) Vibrational communication in insects, epitome in the language of stoneflies? Am Entomol 43:81–91Google Scholar