Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Vegetable Leafminer, Liriomyza sativae Blanchard (Diptera: Agromyzidae)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3947

Vegetable leafminer is found commonly in southern North America, and in most of Central and South America. Occasionally it is reported in more northern areas because it is transported with plant material. It cannot survive cold areas except in greenhouses.

Host Plants

Vegetable leafminer attacks a large number of plants, but seems to favor those in the plant families Cucurbitaceae, Leguminosae, and Solanaceae. Nearly 40 hosts from 10 plant families are known in Florida. Among the numerous weeds infested, the nightshade, Solanum americanum; and Spanishneedles, Bidens alba; are especially suitable hosts in Florida. Vegetable crops known as hosts include bean, celery, eggplant, onions, pepper, potato, squash, tomato, watermelon, cucumber, beet, pea, lettuce and many other composites. Vegetable leafminer was formerly considered to be the most important agromyzid pest in North America, but this distinction is now held by American leafminer, L. trifolii.

Natural Enemies

Vegetable leafminer...

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References

  1. Capinera JL (2001) Handbook of vegetable pests. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 729 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Johnson MW (1987) Parasitization of Liriomyza spp. (Diptera: Agromyzidae) infesting commercial watermelon plantings in Hawaii. J Econ Entomol 80:56–61Google Scholar
  3. Palumbo JC (1995) Developmental rate of Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on lettuce as a function of temperature. Southwest Entomol 20:461–465Google Scholar
  4. Parrella MP (1987) Biology of Liriomyza. Annu Rev Entomol 32:201–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Petitt FL, Wietlisbach DO (1994) Laboratory rearing and life history of Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on lima bean. Environ Entomol 23:1416–1421Google Scholar
  6. Schuster DJ, Gilreath JP, Wharton RA, Seymour PR (1991) Agromyzidae (Diptera) leafminers and their parasitoids in weeds associated with tomato in Florida. Environ Entomol 20:720Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008