Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Vector Capability of Blood-Sucking Arthropods: A Forecasting Matrix

  • Andrey N. Alekseev
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3944

The ability to predict the potential for hematophagous arthropods to become vectors of pathogens is important in assessing their potential hazard to human or livestock health. The question of why one or another pathogen can be transmitted by a particular blood-feeding arthropod (hematophage), but not vectored by others, was first posed by Russian scientist Evgeny Pavlovsky, who formulated a theory of natural focality of infections and parasitic diseases.

Vladimir Beklemishev, a specialist in invertebrate evolution, comparative anatomy and systematic, was apparently the first who attempted to answer this question. He proposed a matrix based on the taxonomy of the vectors and the pathogens. According to this matrix, the ability to transmit a certain pathogen is limited to certain taxa. For example, this matrix forecasted that Ixodesticks can transmit spirochetes, rickettsiae, and rickettsia-like microorganisms. However, the forecasting methodology was disregarded by the scientific...

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References

  1. Alekseev AN (1985) The theory of connections of feeding types and digestion of blood-sucking arthropods with their ability to be specific vectors of transmissive diseases agents. Parazitologiya 19:3–7 (In Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Beklemishev VN (1948) Interface between taxonomical position of pathogens and vectors of transmissive diseases of animals and man. Meditsinkaya parazitologiya i parazitarnye bolezni 17:385–400 (In Russian)Google Scholar
  3. Goddard J (2000) Infectious diseases and arthropods. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 231 ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Jadin J, Vincke IH, Dunjic A, Delville JP, Wery M, Bafort J, Scheepers-Biva M (1966) Rôle des Pseudomonas dans la sporogonie de l’ hématozoaire du paludisme chez le moustique. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique 59:514–525Google Scholar
  5. Pavlovsky YN (ed) (1963) Human diseases with natural foci. Foreign Languages Publishing House, Moscow, Russia, 346 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrey N. Alekseev
    • 1
  1. 1.Russian Parasitological SocietySt. PetersburgRussia