Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Variegated Cutworm, Peridroma saucia (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

  • John L. Capinera
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_3936

Variegated cutworm is found in many areas of the world. It occurs in North and South America, the Hawaiian Islands, and also portions of Europe, Asia, and North Africa. The origin of this insect is uncertain, but is thought to be Europe, where it was described in 1790. First observed in North America in 1841, it is now abundant in southern Canada and the northern United States, where it is often considered to be the most damaging cutworm pest of vegetables.

Life History

There are 2–4 generations annually, with two generations common in colder regions such as Canada, and 3–4 in warmer areas. Flights of moths are protracted, and generations are difficult to discern based on adult populations. Overwintering may occur in the pupal stage, or perhaps the larval stage, but there also is evidence that moths migrate into cooler areas from warmer latitudes each spring, and return to warmer regions in the autumn. For example, in a study conducted in Iowa, USA, 3–9% of moths collected during the...

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References

  1. Capinera JL (2001) Handbook of vegetable pests. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 729 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Crumb SE (1929) Tobacco cutworms. USDA Techical Bulletin 88, 179 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. Shields EJ (1983) Development rate of variegated cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Ann Entomol Soc Am 76:171–172Google Scholar
  4. Shields EJ, Rouse DI, Wyman JA (1985) Variegated cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): leaf-area consumption, feeding site preference, and economic injury level calculation for potatoes. J Econ Entomol 78:1095–1099Google Scholar
  5. Walkden HH (1950) Cutworms, armyworms, and related species attacking cereal and forage crops in the central Great Plains. USDA Circular 849, 52 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John L. Capinera
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA