Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Mediterranean Burnet Moths (Lepidoptera: Heterogynidae)

  • John B. Heppner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1772

Mediterranean burnet moths, family Heterogynidae, include only seven species, with three species from the Mediterranean region of southern Europe and northern Africa (genus Heterogynis) and four species from South Africa (genus Janseola). The family is in the superfamily Zygaenoidea in the section Tineina, subsection Sesiina, of the division Ditrysia. Adults small (9 to 29 mm wingspan), with head rough-scaled; haustellum absent or vestigial; labial palpi reduced, 3-segmented; maxillary palpi absent; antennae bipectinate. Wings rather rounded. Maculation mostly gray, with similar hindwings. Adults are diurnal, but females are apterous and larviform. Many of the species resemble bagworms and were originally described as Psychidae. Larvae, upon hatching inside the female cocoon, feed on the dead female and then become external leaf feeders. Host plants are in Leguminosae.

References

  1. Dalla Torre KW Von, Strand E (1923) Heterogynidae. In Lepidopterorum Catalogus, 28: 1–14 W Junk BerlinGoogle Scholar
  2. Daniel F, Dierl W (1966) Zur biologie und anatomie von Heterogynis penella (Hbn.) (Lep.) Zoologischer Anzeiger 176: 449–464Google Scholar
  3. Freina JJ de, Witt TJ (1990) Familie Heterogynidae Herrich-Schaffer 1846. In Die Bombyces und Sphinges der Westpalaearktis 2: 74–80 pl. 10 Forschung and Wissenchaft Verlag, MunichGoogle Scholar
  4. Guenin R (1997) Heterogynidae – Federwidderchen (Mottenspinner) In Schmetterlinge und ihre Lebensräume: Arten - Gefährdung-Schutz. Schweiz und angrenzenden Gebiete, Lebensräume: 309–312 pl. 10. Pro Natura-Schweizerische Bund Fuer Naturschutz BaselGoogle Scholar
  5. Sukareva IL (1978) Heterogynidae. In Identification keys to the insects of European Russia, 4 Lepidoptera 1: 138–140 Academic Nauk (in Russian) St. PetersburgGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John B. Heppner
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State Collection of ArthropodsGainesvilleUSA