Mechanical Protection of Humans from Arthropod Attacks and Bites
In addition to chemical repellents for arthropod vectors or annoyers, human protection from their attacks and bites can be provided by numerous mechanical methods. Mechanical protection is based on the creation of a barrier that prevents the penetration by arthropods to the target humans. Such a barrier can protect either a group of people or an individual person.
A very simple and effective technique to protect a human locality from malarial mosquitoes is so-called “zooprophylaxis.” This technique is based on rational planning of localities. The technique was tested at the end of the 1930s in several areas of the then U.S.S.R. and was later successfully applied in antimalarial campaigns in rural areas with developed animal husbandry. Thus, if a cattle-ranch is located between a mosquito breeding site(s) and a village, mosquitoes flying towards the village attack the cattle and only a few specimens reach the human dwellings. The distance between a large ranch and a...
- Curtis CF (1992) Personal protection methods against vectors of disease. Rev Med Vet Entomol 80:543–553Google Scholar
- Harwood RF, James MT (1979) Entomology in Human and Animal Health (7th ed). Macmillan Publishing, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
- Marquardt WC (1996) Introduction to arthropods and vectors. In: Beaty BJ, Marquardt WC (Eds) The Biology of Disease Vectors. University Press of Colorado, Niwot, CO, pp 1–24Google Scholar
- Sutcliffe JF (2000) Prevention and control of arthropodborne diseases. In: Eldridge BF, Edman JD (Eds) Medical Entomology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 565–620.Google Scholar