Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Mechanical Protection of Humans from Arthropod Attacks and Bites

  • Igor Uspensky
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1763

In addition to chemical repellents for arthropod vectors or annoyers, human protection from their attacks and bites can be provided by numerous mechanical methods. Mechanical protection is based on the creation of a barrier that prevents the penetration by arthropods to the target humans. Such a barrier can protect either a group of people or an individual person.

Environmental Design

A very simple and effective technique to protect a human locality from malarial mosquitoes is so-called “zooprophylaxis.” This technique is based on rational planning of localities. The technique was tested at the end of the 1930s in several areas of the then U.S.S.R. and was later successfully applied in antimalarial campaigns in rural areas with developed animal husbandry. Thus, if a cattle-ranch is located between a mosquito breeding site(s) and a village, mosquitoes flying towards the village attack the cattle and only a few specimens reach the human dwellings. The distance between a large ranch and a...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor Uspensky
    • 1
  1. 1.The Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael