Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Mass Rearing of Natural Enemies

  • JosE Roberto Postali Parra
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1741
Mass rearing involves the production of millions of insects, with the objectives of controlling pests and supporting Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs. Several definitions have been proposed for mass rearing, including:
  • Mass rearing is the economic production of millions of beneficial insects, as if in an assembly line, in order to produce the maximum number of fertile females, with the least number of men/hours and space, in the shortest time possible, at low cost;

  • Insect production that can accomplish goals at an acceptable cost/benefit ratio, in numbers exceeding from 10 thousand to 1 million times the average productivity of a population of native females;

  • Systematic, automated activity conducted in integrated facilities, in order to produce a relatively large supply of insects for distribution.

Therefore, mass rearings are truly factories, in which cost is highly important, particularly with respect to labor, since it represents 70–80% of total production cost. To achieve...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • JosE Roberto Postali Parra
    • 1
  1. 1.Esalq/USPPiracicabaBrazil