Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Mass Rearing of Natural Enemies

  • JosE Roberto Postali Parra
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1741
Mass rearing involves the production of millions of insects, with the objectives of controlling pests and supporting Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs. Several definitions have been proposed for mass rearing, including:
  • Mass rearing is the economic production of millions of beneficial insects, as if in an assembly line, in order to produce the maximum number of fertile females, with the least number of men/hours and space, in the shortest time possible, at low cost;

  • Insect production that can accomplish goals at an acceptable cost/benefit ratio, in numbers exceeding from 10 thousand to 1 million times the average productivity of a population of native females;

  • Systematic, automated activity conducted in integrated facilities, in order to produce a relatively large supply of insects for distribution.

Therefore, mass rearings are truly factories, in which cost is highly important, particularly with respect to labor, since it represents 70–80% of total production cost. To achieve...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Chambers DL (1977) Quality control in mass rearing. Annu Rev Entomol 22:289–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cohen AC (2004) Insect diets: science and technology. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, 324 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. Etzel LK, Legner EF (1999) Culture and colonization, pp 125–197. In Bellows TS, Fisher TW (eds) Handbook of biological control: principles and applications of biological control. Academic, San Diego, CA, 1,046 ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Finney GL, Fisher TW (1964) Culture of entomophagous insects and their host, pp 328–355. In: DeBach P, Schlinger EI (eds) Biological control of insect pests and weeds. Chapman & Hall, London, 844 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. King EG, Leppla NC (1984) Advances and challenges in insect rearing. USDA-ARS, New Orleans, LA, 306 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. van Lenteren JC (Ed) (2003) Quality control and production of biological control agents: theory and testing procedures. CABI Publishing, Cambridge, 327 ppGoogle Scholar
  7. Leppla NC, King EG (1996) The role of parasitoid and predator production in technology transfer of field crop biological control. Entomophaga 41:343–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Leppla NC, Adams F (1987) Insect mass-rearing technology, principles and applications, 20 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Parra JRP, Botelho PSM, Corrêa-Ferreira BS, Bento JMS (2002) Controle biológico no Brasil: parasitóides e predadores. Manole, São Paulo, Brazil, 609 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Singh P, Moore RF (eds) (1985) Handbook of insect rearing. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 496 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • JosE Roberto Postali Parra
    • 1
  1. 1.Esalq/USPPiracicabaBrazil