Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Mantidflies (Neuroptera: Mantispidae)

  • Kurt Redborg
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1710
The family Mantispidae belongs to the suborder Planipennia of the order Neuroptera. The group receives its name from the remarkable resemblance of the adults to praying mantids. Like mantids, adult mantispids, or mantidflies as they are sometime called, have an elongate prothorax, a freely movable head with prominent eyes, and raptorial forelegs composed of a lengthened coxa and a spined femur, which fits against the tibia to immobilize prey (Fig. 5). Of course, the two groups are not closely related, instead providing an excellent example of convergent evolution. Unlike the mantids, mantispids have membranous wings, no cerci, and are holometabolous.
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References

  1. Brushwein JR, Hoffman KM, Culin JD (1995) Seasonal phenology and overwintering of Mantispa viridis Walker (Neuroptera: Mantispidae) in South Carolina. J Entomol Sci 30:112–119Google Scholar
  2. Hoffman KM, Brushwein JR (1989) Species of spiders (Araneae) associated with the immature stages of Mantispa pulchella (Neuroptera: Mantispidae). J Arachnol 17:7–14Google Scholar
  3. MacLeod EG, Redborg KE (1982) Larval platymantispine mantispids (Neuroptera: Planipennia): possibly a subfamily of generalist predators. Neuroptera Int 2:37–41Google Scholar
  4. Redborg KE, Redborg AH (2000) Resource partitioning of spider hosts (Arachnida, Araneae) by two mantispid species (Neuroptera, Mantispidae) in an Illinois woodland. J Arachnol 28:70–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Redborg KE (1998) Biology of the Mantispidae. Annu Rev Entomol 43:175–194PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Redborg KE, MacLeod EG (1985) The developmental ecology of Mantispa uhleri Banks (Neuroptera Mantispidae). Illinois Biological Monographs, 53, p130Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Redborg
    • 1
  1. 1.Coe CollegeCedar RapidsUSA