Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Mango Mealybug, Rastrococcus invadens Williams (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)

  • Peter Neuenschwander
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1704

This is one of many insects that came to the attention of science only after it had been inadvertently transported and established on a new continent, where it became an important pest. To date, most field data concerning this species are therefore from West Africa. In the 1980s, mealybug infestations suddenly devastated mango, but also many ornamental and shade trees, around Lomé, Togo, and Cotonou, Bénin. From there, this new plague rapidly spread along the coast, west to Ghana and Côte d’ Ivoire and east to Nigeria. At the turn of the millennium, it had invaded most of West and Central Africa (from Senegal to R. D. Congo). In Benin, for instance, it was observed most often in and around large cities, being less abundant in commercial orchards and even less so on local mango varieties in farmers’ fields.

In 1986, it was described as Rastrococcus invadensWilliams (Hemiptera: Pseudoccocidae) from India, where several cryptic species of Rastrococcus infest mango, a native of this sub-...

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References

  1. Agounké D, Agricola U, Bokonon-Ganta HA (1988) Rastrococcus invadens Williams (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), a serious exotic pest of fruit trees and other plants in West Africa. Bull Entomol Res 78:695–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bokonon-Ganta A, de Groote H, Neuenschwander P (2002) Socio-economic impact of biological control of mango mealybug in Benin. Agric Ecosyst Environ 93:367–378Google Scholar
  3. Neuenschwander P (1996) Evaluating the efficacy of biological control of three exotic homopteran pests in tropical Africa. Entomophaga 41:405–424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Neuenschwander P, Boavida C, Bokonon-Ganta AH, Gado A, Herren HR (1994) Establishment and spread of Gyranusoidea tebygi Noyes and Anagyrus mangicola Noyes (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), two biological control agents released against the mango mealybug, Rastrococcus invadens Williams (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) in Africa. Biol Control Sci Technol 4:61–69Google Scholar
  5. Williams DJ (1986) Rastrococcus invadens sp. n. (Homoptera Pseudococcidae) introduced from the oriental region to West Africa and causing damage to mango, citrus, and other trees. Bullet Entomol Res 76:695–699CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Neuenschwander
    • 1
  1. 1.International Institute of Tropical AgricultureCotonouWest Africa