Malaria is a debilitating disease caused by an infection of one or more protozoan parasites belonging to the subphylum Sporozoa, family Plasmodiidae, genus Plasmodium. These parasites are found in the blood of mammals, birds and reptiles. Human malaria is transmitted by the bite of female anopheline mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae).
Malaria is a major endemic tropical disease characterized by severe chills and fever, anemia, and splenic enlargement. The disease has a wide geographical range, occurring from the temperate zones to the sub-tropics and tropics. It has been estimated that there are 150–400 million malaria cases a year, with five million deaths.
Malaria once was thought to be caused by vapors arising from swampy areas, and thus in the eighteenth century the Italians called it malaria, or bad air. It wasn’t until 1880 that Charles Laveran, a French army surgeon, des-cribed malaria parasites in the red blood cells of humans. In 1897, Ronald Ross found a...
- Bruce-Chwatt LJ (1980) Essential malariology. William Heinemann Medical Books Ltd., London, United Kingdom, 354 ppGoogle Scholar
- Garnham PCC (1966) Malaria parasites and other haemosporidia. Blackwell Scientific Publishers, Oxford, United Kingdom, 1114 ppGoogle Scholar
- Harrison G (1978) Mosquitoes, malaria and man. EP Dutton, New York, 314 ppGoogle Scholar
- Kreier JP (ed) (1980) Malaria. Vol. 1: Epidemiology, chemotherapy, morphology, and metabolism. 416 pp. Vol. 2: Pathology, vector studies and culture. 328 pp. Vol. 3: Immunology and immunization. Academic, New York 346 ppGoogle Scholar
- Russell PF, West LS, Manwell RD, MacDonald G (1963) Practical malariology. Oxford University Press, London, United Kingdom, 750 ppGoogle Scholar
- Shuler AV (1985) Malaria: meeting the global challenge. U.S. Agency for International Development, Washington, 110 ppGoogle Scholar