Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Gypsy Moth, Lymantria dispar Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae)

  • Wayne Brewer
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1229
The gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar L., is recognized as one of the most serious insect defoliators of North American forests and urban landscapes. Since its introduction, the gypsy moth has spread to all or part of 17 states and the District of Columbia. Yearly defoliation often reaches into the millions of acres, and the costs of damage and control run into tens of millions of dollars. The moth is a native of Europe and Asia where it is a sporadic pest. It was introduced into the U.S. in 1869 by a French naturalist, Etienne Leopold Trouvelot (Fig. 75), who brought the moths to his home in Medford, Massachusetts. He apparently intended to cross them with other moths to create a prolific and hardy strain of silkworms. The experiment failed, the moths escaped and spread to the surrounding area.
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References

  1. Campbell RW (1975) The gypsy moth and its natural enemies. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, Agriculture Information Bulletin 381Google Scholar
  2. Doane CC, McManus ML (1981) The gypsy moth: research toward integrated pest management. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, Forest Service Bulletin 1584Google Scholar
  3. McManus ML, Zerillo RT (1979) The gypsy moth: an illustrated biography. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, Home and Garden Bulletin 225Google Scholar
  4. Smith HR, Lautenschlager RA (1978) Predators of the gypsy moth. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, Agriculture Handbook 434Google Scholar
  5. Talerico RL (1978) Major hardwood defoliators of the eastern United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, Home and Garden Bulletins 223 and 224Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wayne Brewer
    • 1
  1. 1.Auburn UniversityAuburnUSA