Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Greenhouse Whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

  • John L. Capinera
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1185

Greenhouse whitefly is found widely around the world, including most of the temperate and subtropical regions of North America, South America, Europe, Central Asia and India, northern and eastern Africa, New Zealand and southern Australia. It does not thrive in most tropical locations, and occurs in colder regions only by virtue of its ability to survive winter in greenhouses. It often overwinters only in such protected locations, but in mild-winter areas it survives outdoors throughout the year. The origin of this species is not certain, but is thought to be Mexico or the southwestern United States.

Life History

The development period from egg to adult requires about 25–30 days at 21°C, and 22–25 days at 24°C. Thus, because the preoviposition period of adults also is short, less than two days above 20°C, a complete life cycle is possible within a month. Greenhouse whitefly can live for months, and oviposition time can exceed the development time of immatures; this results in...

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  1. Capinera JL (2001) Handbook of vegetable pests. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 729 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. van Roermund HJW, van Lenteren JC (1992) The parasite-host relationship between Encarsia formosa (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) XXXIV. Life history parameters of the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum as a function of host plant and temperature. Wageningen Agricultural University Papers 92–93,Wageningen, The Natherlands, 147 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John L. Capinera
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA