Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Grasshoppers, Katydids and Crickets (Orthoptera)

  • John L. Capinera
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1168

Members of the order Orthoptera are found at nearly all latitudes, though they are primarily tropical insects as judged by species diversity, which is greatest in warm areas. Most are known for their well-developed hind legs and jumping abilities, but many are noteworthy because they “sing,” particularly at night. Orthopterans, or at least the grasshoppers and locusts, are often considered synonymous with “plagues” due to the devastating damage they inflict during periods of abundance.

Orthopterans are usually medium-sized to large insects. Not surprising for a large taxon, the wing condition varies considerably. They may be apterous (wingless), micropterous (short-winged and incapable of flight), or macropterous (long-winged and capable of flight). When bearing wings, which is the usual condition, they usually bear two pairs, and sometimes are capable of very strong flight. The name Orthoptera means “straight-winged” and refers to the thickened front wings or tegmina. The front wings...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Chapman RF, Joem A (eds) (1990) Biology of grasshoppers. Wiley, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  2. Field LH (ed) (2001) The biology of wetas, king crickets, and their allies. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UKGoogle Scholar
  3. Gwynne DT (2001) Katydids and bush-crickets. Reproductive behavior and evolution of the Tettigoniidae. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NYGoogle Scholar
  4. Huber F, Moore TE, Loher W (eds) (1989) Cricket behavior and neurobiology. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NYGoogle Scholar
  5. Otte D (1981/1984) The North American grasshoppers, vol 1, 2. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  6. Otte D (1995) Orthoptera species file, vol 1–7. The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA. Available at http://viceroy.eeb.uconn.edu/Orthoptera
  7. Uvarov B (1966/1977) Grasshoppers and locusts. A handbook of general acridology, vol 1, 2. Cambridge University Press, London, UKGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John L. Capinera
    • 1
  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA