Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Granulovirus

  • Kia Rashidan
  • Claude Guertin
  • Jean Cabana
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1155

There are an increasing number of problems associated with the use of chemical pesticides, including emergence of resistant insects, elimination of non-target insects, and environmental contamination. Thus, the need for alternative biological insecticides that are cost- effective and environmentally safe is greater than ever. As a result, interest in microbial insecticides is increasing. Microbiological pathogens include various species of bacteria, fungi, nematodes, and viruses. The best-known example of a microbiological insecticide, which is used in large scale against agriculture and forest pests, is the bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis (commercially known as Bt).

Viruses comprise another important class of insect pathogens that are being considered as good alternative biological insecticides due to their specificity for insect hosts. At least eight families of insect viruses are known, but the viruses most commonly used as viral bioinsecticides are those from Baculoviridae...

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References

  1. Tanada Y, Hess RT (1991) Baculoviridae, granulosis viruses. In: Adams JR, Bonami JR (eds) Atlas of invertebrate viruses. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, pp 227–257Google Scholar
  2. Summers MD (1977) Baculoviruses. In: Maramorosch K (ed) The atlas of insect and plant viruses. Academic Press, New York, NY, pp 3–28Google Scholar
  3. Bonning BC, Hammock BD (1996) Development of recombinant baculoviruses for insect control. Annu Rev Entomol 41:191–210PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cory JS, Hails RS (1997) The ecology and biosafety of baculoviruses. Curr Opin Biotechnol 8:323–327PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Miller LK (1996) Insect viruses. In: Fields BN (eds) Fields virology, vol 1, 3rd edn. Lippincott-Raven Publishers New York, NY, pp 533–585Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kia Rashidan
    • 1
  • Claude Guertin
    • 2
  • Jean Cabana
    • 2
  1. 1.INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier (INRS-IAF)LavalQc, Canada
  2. 2.AFA Environment Inc.MontrealPQ, Canada