Encyclopedia of Entomology

2008 Edition
| Editors: John L. Capinera

Gold Moths (Lepidoptera: Axiidae)

  • John B. Heppner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6_1133
Gold moths, family Axiidae, are a very small family of only six Palearctic species in the Mediterranean region, mostly in the genus Axia. The family is in the superfamily Drepanoidea, in the section Cossina, subsection Bombycina, of the division Ditrysia. Adults medium size (23–30 mm wingspan), with head scaling normal; labial palpi slightly porrect but very short; maxillary palpi vestigial; antennae bipectinate. Wings elongated and triangular, with relatively acute forewing apex; hindwings triangular and rounded (Fig. 28). Maculation mostly shades of brown to pink, but with at least one bright iridescent mark (often golden color); hindwings unicolorous. Adults nocturnal. Larvae are leaf feeders. Host plants all are in Euphorbiaceae.
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References

  1. Chrétien P (1916) Observations sur la Cimelia margarita, Hb. In: études de Lépidoptèrologie Comparée, 12:37–65, pl. A–D, 502Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • John B. Heppner
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State Collection of ArthropodsGainesvilleFL, USA