Gmelin, Johann Friedrich
Johann Gmelin was born in Tübingen, Germany, in 1748, the son of a professor of medicine. In 1768, at the age of 20, he took a three-year journey through Holland, England, and Austria. In 1771, he became an untenured professor of medicine at Universität Tübingen, and three years later a tenured professor at Universität Göttingen. His (1787) treatise “Abhandlung über die Wurmtroknis,” which described effects of Ips typographus, was a major contribution for forest entomology. He contributed pages 1517–2224 to the 13th edition (1790) of Linné’ s “Systema naturae...” He died in 1804 at the age of 56.
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